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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the manuscript.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Accepted Manuscript File Format:

Please submit your article in MS Word (.doc or .docx) file format according to the Manuscript Preparation Guide given below. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your main text file in MS Word format. Provide a separate PDF file of your manuscript text with the correct placement of figures and tables.

Cover letter:

A written statement by the corresponding author should accompany the submitted article/manuscript that the manuscript, completely or partially, has not been and will not be published in or submitted to any other journal, simultaneously.


Only manuscripts written in English are acceptable for publication, if English is author's second language, we recommend that the paper be proofread to ensure its accuracy and improve the language quality. Neoplasia Research also offers language editing services, on payment.

Originality of work:

Submissions must be original work, the copyright to which is not already owned elsewhere. Originality, creativity, and a cross-disciplinary approach or perspectives are strongly urged. The publisher reserves the right to withdraw publishing rights from all co-authors of the article for a substantial time if a parallel submission is discovered afterward. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to check for possible copyright conflict with the copyright holder and agree to our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement.


Ethical statements:

The  journal considers that the submitted article adheres to  the recommendations of the Declarations of Helsinki  for  human studies; and the European Committee Guidelines for the use of experimental animals in case of animal studies. However, authors must clearly include the statement in their manuscript that the protocol complies with these guidelines and is approved by the relevant institutional Ethics Committee. Seeking of informed consent of study participants should also be clearly mentioned in the article where applicable. Responsibility for all statements in the articles lies on authors.



Enumeration of the manuscripts must be started from the title page. The first page of a manuscript should include,

(a) Title of Manuscript;

(b) Names, institutional affiliations, ORCID IDs and email addresses of all co-authors;

(c) Name, complete address for correspondence, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author; and

(d) Abstract of the article.

The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote.The Editors reserve the right to adjust the style to specific standards for uniformity.

Article Length: The number of pages of the article is at the discretion of authors; on an average, articles should be 10-23 pages long including the references. The Editors generally encourage brevity, yet providing the sufficient details, for all articles. Short Communications must not exceed 6 printed pages; and will be given priority for rapid publication.

Framework of articles:

Title: Full title of the article should be mentioned without heading

Authors: All co-authors and their current affiliations must be present after the title.The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote.

If the submitted manuscript has more than one author, every individual author must meet the following three criteria:

1- Contribute significantly to at least two of the following aspects:

     a. study design or conception/supervision of the work

    b. data acquisition, analysis, or interpretation

   c. drafting the work for publication or intellectually revising it

2- Approve the version submitted to the journal and the final version to be published

3- Agree to be accountable for appropriate parts of the work and have confidence in the integrity of the entire work

Individuals who contributed to the work but do not meet all of the above three criteria should be acknowledged at the end of the article under the heading of ACKNOWLEDGEMENT after Authors’Contribution.

Abstracts: A concise abstract briefly stating the general scope, methods used, main results and conclusion of the article, with a word limit of 250 is required. It should be free from any subheading and references or unexplained abbreviations. If essential, abbreviations must be defined at their first mention in the abstract. The abstract should be a standalone piece accurately reflecting the contents of the article as many readers read only this portion of the article. As many electronic databases scan only the title and abstract of the articles, it will be beneficial if as many likely key words of the articles are used in the text of the abstract as possible.

Keywords: A minimum of 6 keywords must be provided. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (for example, 'and', 'of').  In case of abbreviations, only those firmly established in the field may be eligible.

Framework of  Research Articles:

This section should provide background knowledge on the article’s subject matter already known in the field along with rational to conduct the present study . The size of  the introduction must be appropriate to the discussion section, neither too short nor too long. Reference number should be included in the text in consecutive order.


Materials and Methods 

Research study subjects (patients/lab animals) should be mentioned with the description of their demographic characteristics needed to be taken into account for the study. Satisfactory reasoning for selection of specific groups must be clearly mentioned. The place and time period of the study is mandatory to be described in the article.  In case of data collection, the methods for its collection; all sources of information gathering; and the tools/equipments used in the study should be fully mentioned(including their model’s and manufacturer’s details). Medications/chemicals used in the study should be precisely explained. if a new/ unfamiliar method is used in the study, it must be described in more detail with the reasons to use this specific method. Statistical methods, software and type of statistical methods must be satisfactorily stated.

In case of few/simple findings of the study, the results may be mentioned in text form; while  multiple informational findings are to be included in tables/figures/graphs, as seems appropriate, with their explanation in the result section. Reiteration of findings must be avoided in the text of the Result section and only explanation of tables/figures/graphs should be written in text form

Units: Only SI units should be used. If other units are necessary, include the conversion factor and add the non-standard unit in parenthesis.

Symbols: All symbols should be defined in text. If there is an extensive list of symbols, place it  in the appendix at the end of the manuscript.

Math: In case of mathematical numbers’ presentation, punctuate carefully.

Footnotes: If foot notes are required in the manuscript, these should be identified by superscript Arabic numbers. Table footnotes should be mentioned with superscript small case English alphabets.


In this section the results of the study should be interpreted and discussed in the light of previously published literature on the subject matter. Proper reference of the  previous studies must be provided. Important/ new findings of the study should be specially emphasized. Information already presented in the introduction/results section should not be repeated in detail in this section. Results and objective of the study should be compatible with clear explanation. Possible reasons for any unanticipated finding should be provided.


This section briefs the results of the study and their possible utilization in the practical field. New hypotheses may also be suggested to the readers for future studies.

Funding Statement

Authors should specify any sources of funding (institutional, private and corporate financial support) if received for the work reported in their paper at the time of submitting the paper. This information should contain the name of the funding organisation/s and the grant number, mentioned at the end of the article under the heading ‘FUNDING’, directly after the Acknowledgements (if applicable) and Declaration of Conflicting Interests, and prior to the References. The funding agency should be written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets, e.g.,

This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].

If there was no funding, the following wording should be used:

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

Any suppliers of materials should be named and their location (town, state/county, country) included in the section of MATERIAL and METHODS.

Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. If the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colon, with “and” before the final funder, e.g.:

This work was supported by the Foundation [grant numbers aaaa, bbbb]; the Environmental Research Council [grant number cccc]; and the Economic Development Research Council [grant number zzzz].

Indirect funding, if received, must also be declared in the funding statement. Indirect funding includes third-party entities receiving funding from any industry, where the funder could be seen to have a vested interest in the results of a study.


In its Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (2018), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) states that:

‘A conflict of interest is something that if undeclared but discovered later would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived. Conflicts of interest are situations that have the potential to influence people’s judgements. Such situations may affect, or may be perceived to affect, every stage of research, from planning to applying for or allocating funding, conducting a study, interpreting data and reporting research.’

A conflict of interest can occur when authors , or their employer, or sponsor have a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations, or with people in a working relationship with them, that could excessively influence, or may be perceived to influence, at any stage of the research.

The corresponding author is responsible to provide a declaration of conflict of interest/ competing interest on behalf of all co-authors. However, the details of financial arrangements are not required to be disclosed if a conflict of interest is declared in the article.

Such a declaration should be stated at the end of your manuscript after any Acknowledgements, if present, and prior to the Funding statement and References, under the heading 'Declaration of Conflicting Interest'.

A statement is also required when there is no conflict of interest at all. In such situations please use the below wordings;

'The Author(s) declare(s) that there are no relevant financial or non-financial competing interests to report.’

Please note that the declaration of the presence of some conflict of interest will not affect the fair evaluation of such articles and these will not necessarily be rejected.

Few examples of financial conflicts of interests include, but are not limited to:

  • Employment or voluntary involvement in a related company
  • Receiving funds for consulting or research
  • Receiving grants from a body, paid to the author or organization
  • Personal fees received by the authors as honoraria, royalties, consulting fees, lecture fees, or testimonies
  • Royalties being received by the authors or their institutions
  • Stock or shares holding in a company that may be financially affected by this publication
  • Receiving a reimbursement for attending symposia/talk/conference related to your research article..
  • Benefits related to the development of products as an outcome of the work

Some Examples of non-financial conflicts of interests:

  • recieving drugs, specialist equipment, tools, computer programs, or digital applications
  • Access to data repositories, archival resources, museum collections, by an entity that might get benefitted, or be at a financial/reputational loss from the published findings
  • Being a member of the boards of industry bodies or private companies that might benefit, or be at a disadvantage financially or reputationally from the published findings
  • Writing assistance or administrative support from a person or organization that might benefit, or be at a disadvantage from the published findings
  • Personal, political, religious, ideological, academic and intellectual competing interests which are perceived to be relevant to the published content
  • Involvement in legal action related to the work

Please note the above lists are not the exhaustive ones.

Author's Contribution

If more than one author authors the article, the individual contribution of each co-author must be mentioned under this heading.


An expression of appreciation may be paid to supporters who do not meet the criteria for authorship but have helped the researchers in any other form (technical help, writing of manuscript etc.).


References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver style). All references should be numbered sequentially (in square brackets, […])as they appear for the first time in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. Bibliographies cited in tables and figures should be numbered according to the site where the corresponding table or figure is first referenced. The reference numbers must be finalised, and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

In the case of four or more co-authors, the names of the first three authors should be listed followed by et. al:

Journal titles should be  abbreviated.(to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database <>)

Important points to remember:

  • All references must be complete and accurate.
  • If the number of authors exceeds three, then "et al." will be used after three names (the term "et al." should be in italics).
  • Online citations should include the date of access.
  • Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
  • Take special care of the punctuation convention as described in the examples mentioned below
  • Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference section.
  • Abstracts, unpublished data, and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section, but they may be mentioned in the text and details should be provided as footnotes.
  • The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted. 

See below some examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:

Journal articles:

[1]     Smith SD, Jones, AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657: 230-5.

[2]     Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432:120-4.

Typical Chapter Reference:

[3]     Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press 1976; p. 165-78.

Book Reference:

[4]     Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.

Edited Book:

[5]     Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley 1983.

Conference Paper and Proceedings:

[6]     Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: p. 190-6.

[7]     Harris AH, editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.

Journal Article on the Internet:

[8]     Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9; [cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from:

Book/Monograph on the Internet:

[9]     Donaldson MS, editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from

Web site/Homepage:

[10]   HeartCentreOnline [homepage on the Internet]. Boca Raton, FL: HeartCentreOnline, Inc.; c2000-2004 [updated 2004 May 23; cited 2004 Oct 15]: Available from:

Journal with Part/Supplement:

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement:

[11]   Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology 2002; 58(12 Suppl 7): S6-12.

Volume with Part:

[12]   Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal 2002; 83(Pt 2): 491-5.

Issue with Part:

[13]   Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2002; 13(9 Pt 1): 923-8.


[14]   Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.


[15] Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view) must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author's Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. 'Reference: Available from: URL'.


  • All illustrations should be provided in the camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching.
  • All illustrations must be readable when reduced to a width of 75 mm (single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure).
  • Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please save as or convert the images to .tiff or .jpg formats. Ensure that the resolution of the figures will be at least 1000 dpi for line drawings
  • Photographs, charts, and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be numbered consecutively to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript but should not be embeded in the text.
  • All illustrations should be clearly numbered according to their sequencing order in the text. All figures are required to have a caption.
  • If text is needed to be embedded in the illustrations, it should be kept at a minimum but, explained in the caption.

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively as they are cited in the text. These should be clearly arranged and each column of the table should bear a heading Footnotes to tables should be present below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. All arithmetic (percentages, totals, differences) should be accurate. Any abbreviation used in the table must be explained in the footnote. Tables should not duplicate result presented elsewhere in the manuscript (e.g. in the graph).

Framework of a Case Report:

A case report should always carry an informed consent and patients’ privacy should be highly respected. The different section should be arranged in the order of: Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figures.

Framework of a Review Article:

A review article should have the principal structure of a research report,i.e, introduction  and discussion.  Explain the methods of extraction, selection and composition of data and information. The order of different section should be: Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Subtitles, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, References, Tables, Figures.

Submission procedure:

Please submit your manuscripts through our  on-line submission system. For details see the link


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author (the first-named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi-authored papers) which should be returned within 72 hours of receipt. Corrections at this stage should be restricted to typesetting errors: any other changes may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before returning it since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in the journal website will be dealt with confidentiality; and  used only for the required purposes of this journal. In no case these will be shared with any other party or used for other intent without prior permission from the authors.